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ANTERIOR COMPONENT SEPARATION
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 2-7

The open anterior component separation technique for large ventral and incisional abdominal wall reconstruction


Department of General and HPB Surgery and Liver Transplantation, University Hospital Ghent, Gent, Belgium

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Frederik Berrevoet
Department of General and HPB Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent.
Belgium
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijawhs.ijawhs_59_21

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Large defects in the abdominal wall have been a challenge for traditional surgical techniques. Over several decades, the development of what is now known as the anterior component separation technique (CST) has evolved to reduce tension through release of the lateral abdominal wall muscles. Initially, Albanese and later Ramirez described and popularized this technique.In this procedure, the space between the external oblique muscle and the internal oblique muscle is dissected immediately lateral to the rectus compartment, that is, at the level of the linea semilunaris. To reach this area, an extensive dissection of the subcutaneous tissue and bilateral dissection of the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle is mandatory in an open standard approach. Unfortunately, this extensive dissection comes at the cost of higher wound morbidity rates.Herein, the surgical technique, the indications as well as the complications will be discussed and a short overview of the results of the latest systematic reviews will be presented, comparing the anterior CST with other surgical options to achieve fascial closure in large abdominal wall defects.


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