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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 130-133

Laparoscopic round ligament preserving repair for groin hernia in women: A critical appraisal

1 Department of General Surgery, Oryol State University Clinic, Plesheevo Regional Hospital, Oryol, Russia
2 Department of General Surgery and Coloproctology, GMS Clinic and Hospitals, Centrosojuz Hospital, Moscow, Russia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. V Abolmasov Alexey
Oryol State University Clinic, Komsomolskaya Str. 95, Oryol 302026
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijawhs.ijawhs_23_19

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BACKGROUND: Our objective was to investigate the clinical characteristics of original laparoscopic round ligament-sparing repair technique for groin hernias in female patients. METHODS: The clinical data of 48 female patients (58 hernias) who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repair using original split mesh technique at Orel Regional Hospital (Russia) between March 2009 and January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The aim of the study was to provide an overview about female groin hernias, preferred surgical approach, and the management of round ligament of uterus. RESULTS: There were 58 TAPP repairs in 48 patients. The average follow-up period was 43 months (min. – 3, max. – 122, Mo – 12, and Me – 43). Fifteen femoral hernias were noted in ten patients, of which two femoral hernias were incarcerated. Cysts on the round ligament of the uterus were found in four patients, and most of them underwent laparoscopic resection. Round ligaments of the uterus were preserved in all patients. An average operation time was 56 min (min. – 20, max. – 135, Mo – 40 min, and Me – 50 min). None of the cases was converted to laparotomy. All patients returned to normal activity soon and 1 (1.7%) recurrence was noted during follow-up. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair is well adopted around the world, but still questions remain which are related to female patients, especially regarding the function and preserving the round ligament. Based on this study, it is possible to preserve the round ligament by using the original laparoscopic TAPP keyhole technique.

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