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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 50-53

Prophylactic antibiotic for open mesh repair of inguinal hernia; from principe to nécessité


1 Department of General Surgery, Navy General Hospital; Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Colombo, Sri Lanka
2 Department of General Surgery, Navy General Hospital, General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Keerthi Rajapaksha
91/B/3, Raddoluwa, Seeduwa
Sri Lanka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijawhs.ijawhs_2_19

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PURPOSE: The use of prophylactic antibiotics (PAs) in open mesh repair (MR) of inguinal hernia (IH) is controversial. Clean surgeries do not require PA. However, prosthetic implants may require PA. As a part of quality improvement project, “guideline-based treatment for IH” where the European Hernia Society guidelines were adapted and PA was administered only if necessary, not as a routine for open MR of IH since May 1, 2015. The aim of this study was to assess the practice in the use of PA in open MR of IH and the outcome at a single surgical unit. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of health records of all the male patients who underwent open MR of IH at a single surgical center, during the period from May 1, 2015 to May 1, 2016, where it was considered not to administer PA routinely, but to only when required (de nécessité). Data of patients who underwent open MR of IH during the period May 1, 2014–April 30, 2015, where PA was administered routinely (de principe) for open MR of IH, were collected for comparison. Demographic, immune-compromised status, operation techniques, PA, and surgical site infections data were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 62 and 78 male patients who underwent open MR of IH during PA de principe and PA de necessite periods, respectively. The mean ages were 38.32 (range 21–74) and 35.51 (range 21–70) years, respectively, during PA de principe and PA de necessite. There were no patients with immunocompromised status. PA usage has reduced from 96.8% (n = 60) during the PA de principe to 11.5% (n = 9) during PA de nécessité period. Surgical site infection rate was 1.6% and 1.3%, respectively, during PA de principe and PA de nécessité periods. CONCLUSION: In a low-risk environment, open MR of IH can be carried out without PA in a majority of patients.


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