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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-11

Peritoneal closure using self-anchoring-barbed absorbable sutures during laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal inguinal hernioplasty: How to make it more safe?

1 Department of Visceral and General Surgery, Dijon University Hospital, Dijon, France
2 Department of Visceral and General Surgery, Dijon University Hospital, Dijon, France; Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Jabriya, Kuwait

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Axel Gilbert
Department of Visceral and General Surgery, Dijon University Hospital, 14 Rue Paul Gaffarel, 21000 Dijon
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijawhs.ijawhs_30_18

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CONTEXT: Peritoneal closure with a barbed suture during laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) inguinal hernia repair is a controversial subject due to the risk of postoperative intestinal adhesions and occlusions formed by this type of suture. This risk, however, was only reported in several case reports. The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of postoperative intestinal obstructions related to the use of barbed suture materials in laparoscopic hernia repair (TAPP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included all patients that underwent laparoscopic TAPP inguinal hernia repair between October 2012 and October 2017. All peritoneal closures were accomplished using absorbable barbed sutures. Operative data were collected in a dedicated database and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Only 3 out of the 320 patients included (0.9%) presented with an early postoperative intestinal obstruction and required further surgery. Two of the three patients (0.6%) were found to have intestinal incarceration in the peritoneal defects initially created during the hernia repair. However, the last patient had an intestinal volvulus due to adhesions formed with the barbed suture. None of the patient characteristics collected were significant risk factors for developing postoperative intestinal obstructions. CONCLUSION: In this study, peritoneal closure using barbed suture material did not increase the risk of early postoperative intestinal obstruction, in comparison to other suture materials reported in the literature. The use of barbed absorbable sutures for peritoneal closure during laparoscopic TAPP seems to be safe when sutures are cut short and covered by the peritoneum.

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