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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66-68

Laparoscopic transabdominal Morgagni hernia repair

1 Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA
2 Department of Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Clackamas, Oregon, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. David Tse
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kaiser Sunnyside Medical Center, 10180 SE Sunnyside Rd, Clackamas, Oregon 97015
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijawhs.ijawhs_7_18

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Morgagni hernias are a rare finding in the adult population and represent 1%–3% of all congenital diaphragmatic hernias. Multiple approaches to these rare hernias have been described in the literature. Here, we present a novel technique of laparoscopic transabdominal repair using a combination of the Endo-Close device (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) and the Ti-KNOT (LSI Solutions, Victor, NY, USA). In a patient with a large left anterior diaphragmatic defect, we performed transabdominal suturing utilizing the Endo-Close to perform primary closure of the defect, using the Ti-KNOT to secure the pledged sutures along the anterior fascia. Due to the size of the defect (7 cm × 10 cm), this primary repair was buttressed with polyester mesh. In a second patient with a smaller (6 cm × 8 cm) classic right-sided anterior diaphragmatic defect, we similarly performed laparoscopic transabdominal suturing using the Endo-Close to traverse both the anterior and posterior fascia and the Ti-KNOT to secure the sutures to perform a primary repair of the hernia. Both patients presented had an uneventful postoperative course and no indication of recurrence at 4 months. Morgagni hernias present unique technical challenges. In our experience, the combined use of transabdominal suture with laparoscopic knot placement device allowed for completion of both cases laparoscopically with minimal tension on the repairs.

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